Pampiniform plexus – Anatomy and Functions 2021

pampiniform plexus

What is the pampiniform plexus? Where is it located? What are the functions?


The pampiniform plexus is a loose connection of small veins situated within the male spermatic cord.


The pampiniform plexus starts in the scrotum with veins arising from the mediastinum testis. Mediastinum testis is an area of connective tissue at the back of the testis. The veins of the plexus proceeds along the spermatic cord at the front of the ductus deferens.

Functions of the pampiniform plexus

The pampiniform plexus is a temperature regulator to the testes. It helps regulate the temperature of the testes. It acts as a “heat exchange” mechanism to cool down the blood.

Anatomy of the pampiniform plexus

The arteries supplying the testes run through the plexus. On getting to the plexus, the blood is cooled from abdominal arterial temperature to testicular temperature.

The anterior (front) section of the plexus comes together to form the internal spermatic vein. This passes through the inguinal canal (at the side of the groin area) and ascends into the retroperitoneum (a space in the abdominal cavity). The walls of the plexus veins house a complex muscle structure. The structure propels blood flow (against gravity) towards the left renal vein.

Male infertility or testicular pain may often be associated with a varicocele. varococele is an abnormal distension or enlargement of the pampiniform plexus. Varicoceles are caused by retrograde (reversed) blood flow or impaired drainage of the testicular or internal spermatic vein. Varicoceles are the most common, treatable cause of male infertility.


Areola Reduction Surgery Handbook 2021

Is Clonidine for Sleep Inducement? 2021 Guide

How to Do a Proper Ass Massage in 2021

What Is In Vitro Fertilization?

What is Intrauterine insemination (IUI)?

Pregnant Lesbian: Can Lesbians Have Babies?

Dysport Vs Botox: Comparing the Costs, Results, and Side Effects


2 thoughts on “Pampiniform plexus – Anatomy and Functions 2021

Kindly Leave a Comment

esthetician programs
Live Well Opportunities

Aesthetician and Esthetician: Definitions and Differences 2021

Aesthetician vs Esthetician: Definitions and Differences … A lot of confusion exists, especially among lay people, about the difference between an Aesthetician and an Esthetician. Aestheticians and estheticians are both professionals in the skincare industry. Although their job titles sound quite similar, they don’t perform the same duties. An Aestheticians is a skincare personnel who […]

butt chin surgery
Live Well

Butt Chin Surgery: How to Add or Remove Cleft Chin 2021

Butt Chin Surgery: How to Add or Remove Cleft Chin… A butt chin, popularly referred to as “cleft chin” is a chin with a Y-shaped dimple in the middle with an underlying bony peculiarity. Butt chin are commonly a genetic trait. While some people consider cleft chins a thing of beauty, there are many who […]

you're vaccinated against covid 19
Live Well

You’re vaccinated against COVID-19. Now what?

You’re vaccinated against COVID-19. Now what? If You’re vaccinated against COVID-19, you might think it’s safe to return to a pre-pandemic way of life. Although you are now protected from infection and can enjoy some things you weren’t able to do over the past year, experts advise it is important to follow local public health […]